Interested in finding out how to zero the back up iron sights on an AR-15? Keep reading for some step by step instructions.
Though many shooters these days use some sort of optic on their AR-15 as their primary sight, having a good set of back up iron sights is still a really good idea. However, though they are similar in many ways, the back up iron sights on an AR-15 are slightly different from iron sights on many other rifles. Here is a step by step guide on how to zero the back up iron sights on an AR-15.
This article covers only how to zero the back up iron sights on an AR-15. If you are looking for information on how to zero the scope on an AR-15, refer to this article instead.
Many of the “flat top” AR-15s on the market today come ready to accept a back up iron sight (BUIS) to use in case something happens to the optics on the rifle. While they come in a wide variety of configurations, the basics of how to use them remain pretty much the same.
First, ensure that your back up iron sights are properly installed and mounted securely to the rifle. If you are able to wiggle the sights with your hand, they are not secured properly.
Second, mechanically zero your back up iron sights. For the rear sight, ensure that the aperture is exactly centered in the housing. To do this, adjust the aperture until it is adjusted all the way to one side. Then, count how many clicks it takes to adjust the aperture until it is all the way on the opposite side. Divide this number by two, then move the aperture back that number of clicks.
Assuming that you have a standard front sight, adjust the base of the front sight post until it is level with the sight housing in order to mechanically zero it. To do this, depress the detent on the front side of the post and turn the post at the same time. You can use the tip of a bullet, a multi-tool, a nail, or a specially designed front sight adjustment tool to accomplish this.
After mechanically zeroing the back up iron sights, you’re ready to start shooting. I like to shoot at 25 yards, then move out to longer ranges after I adjust my sights. This saves time, ammunition, and frustration in the long run by ensuring that my shots are at least on the paper. Don’t worry too much about the type of target you use. Almost any target will work, as long as it has a distinct aiming point.
Just like when zeroing any rifle, it is very important that you shoot using a very stable, supported position when zeroing your back up iron sights. Try to avoid supporting the rifle with your muscles and use a stable object like a sandbag instead.
From a steady shooting position, fire three shots at the center of your target at 25 yards (or whatever range you are shooting at). After firing your first group, check the target. Measure from the center of the group to your aiming point, and adjust your sights accordingly.
For most sets of back up iron sights, you must adjust the front sight to move the impact of the bullet up or down and adjust the rear sight to move the bullet impact left or right. As you can see in the photo above, turning the front sight post clockwise will raise the point of impact of the bullet. On this same rifle, turning the rear sight adjustment knob clockwise moves the bullet point of impact to the right.
However, different AR-15 variants will often have different MOA adjustment values. On some rifles, 1 click on the front sight will move the bullet impact 1.2 MOA (~1.2″ at 100 yards), while others will move the bullet impact 1.5-2 MOA. The same goes for the rear sight and you can expect 1 click to move the bullet impact .5-.75 MOA, depending on the rifle. The only way to be 100% sure with your rifle is to take it to the range and experiment with it.
Also, don’t forget that when shooting at 25 yards, you will need 4x the number of clicks (4 MOA= ~1″) to move the bullet impact the same distance at 25 yards as you would at 100 yards. For example, assume that I shot a group at 25 yards that hit 1″ high and 2″ to the left with a rifle that has 1.25 MOA elevation and .5 MOA windadge adjustments. Since I need to move the bullet impact down and to the right, I’d rotate the front sight 3 clicks counterclockwise (round to the nearest whole number) and adjust the rear sight 16 clicks clockwise.
After making the required number of adjustments, shoot another group. If that group hits where you’re aiming, your AR-15 is now zeroed at 25 yards. If not, make the necessary adjustments to your sights and continue shooting until you have a good 25 yard zero.
Using the same techniques described earlier, you can now start shooting at longer range, if desired. Since you zeroed the rifle at 25 yards, it should be at least hitting the paper at 50 or 100 yards. The only difference now is that you need to remember that the number of clicks necessary to move your bullet impact at 50 or 100 yards is different than at 25 yards. At 50 yards, moving your sight 2 MOA = ~1″ and at 100 yards 1 MOA = ~1″.
There is a lot of debate in the shooting community about the best distance to zero your AR-15 at. The correct answer all depends on the specifics of your rifle and ammunition as well as the typical distances you plan to shoot your rifle at. For most people, a 50 or 100 yard zero for their back up iron sights is perfect.
Regardless of what range you choose for your final zero range, after you’ve made your final adjustments, fire one last group to confirm your zero. If your group hits where you were aiming, you’re done. While you hope to never have to use it, a good back up iron sight will hold a zero for a very long time.
I hope you found my description of how to zero the back up iron sights on an AR-15 useful and interesting. Are there any other tips or tricks out there that I might have forgot to mention?