Keep reading to learn all about the 6 guns every hunter should own.
At their most basic level, guns are tools for hunters. Like tools in a tool box, some guns are better at various hunting tasks than others. Depending on the animals you plan on pursuing and the location where you hunt, it is often necessary to own several different guns to ethically and legally hunt the animals you are after. Fortunately, this doesn’t have to be a needlessly complicated undertaking and by owning the guns on this list, you can hunt virtually any animal anywhere in the world. Read on to learn about the 6 guns every hunter should own.
First on this list of guns every hunter should own is a .22 rifle. There are a number of different .22 rifles available these days ranging from single shot bolt action rifles to the ubiquitous Ruger 10/22. Some models are better than others, but they are all generally inexpensive, lightweight, and great choices for hunting small game and some varmints.
12 Gauge Shotgun
A good 12 gauge shotgun is perhaps the most versatile of the guns every hunter should own. A hunter who owns a high quality 3″ 12 gauge shotgun with interchangeable choke tubes, such as a Remington 870 or a Mossberg 500, can hunt virtually any type of small game or bird, including rabbit, squirrel, quail, dove, grouse, ducks, geese, and turkey.
The same shotgun can be used with buckshot to hunt big game animals, like deer and bear, at close range in thick cover. Mount a slug barrel with good sights or a scope and the shotgun can now be used to hunt big game at longer ranges.
Because it is so adaptable, no hunter’s gun collection is complete without a 12 gauge shotgun of some kind.
If varmint hunting is something you plan on doing, then you should consider a purchasing a dedicated varmint rifle. While any rifle and cartridge will work if you don’t care about salvaging the animal’s pelt, small bore rifles are the most popular among varmint hunters.
Bolt action rifles chambered in .223 or .22-250 are probably the most common, but by no means the only, choices for varmint hunters. However, AR-style rifles are becoming extremely popular among all hunters, particularly varmint hunters. These rifles really come into their own when conditions allow multiple shots on several different animals (mainly coyotes) in rapid succession. In either case, it is essential that a dedicated varmint rifle be accurate, reliable, and be chambered in a flat shooting cartridge.
Brush or Woods Rifle
The vast majority of hunters in the United States do most of their big game hunting in relatively thick conditions where shots past 100 yards are uncommon. When hunting in heavily wooded areas, shots are not only taken at short range, but the hunter may only have a few seconds to take the shot. Because of this, a good brush or woods gun must be handy, quick pointing, and have sights that enable rapid target acquisition by the hunter.
At short range, cartridges like the .30-30 Winchester and .35 Remington really excel and countless deer, feral hogs, bear, and even moose have fallen to them over the years. The Winchester Model 1894, Marlin 336, and rifles like them, are ideally suited for hunting under these conditions and are another essential member on this list of guns every hunter should own.
Long Range Rifle
Sometimes, due to terrain or some other factor, you won’t be able to close the distance and will have to take a longer range shot. This is especially common when hunting in the western portions of North America for animals like mule deer, pronghorn, elk, or sheep. In this case, you need to have a rifle that is up to the task and a long range rifle occupies the next spot on this list of guns every hunter should own.
This usually calls for a bolt action rifles sporting a good quality scope. Luckily, there are many good quality bolt action rifles available on the market that are up to the task, like the Remington Model 700, the Ruger 77, and the Weatherby Mark V, just to name a few. Cartridges such as the .270 Winchester, 7mm Remington Magnum, .308 Winchester, .30-06 Springfield, and .300 Winchester Magnum are all good quality, flat shooting cartridges that are common choices by hunters to fit the bill here. They will also do in a pinch for shorter range shooting and there is nothing wrong with using these rifles and cartridges for whitetail deer, hogs, black bear, or moose either.
Second only to the 12 gauge shotgun, this is the second most versatile and important gun for a big game hunter to own.
Big Bore Rifle
A big bore rifle is the final entry on this list of guns that every hunter should own. For the purposes of this article, we’ll include cartridges such as the 9.3x62mm Mauser and the .375 H&H Magnum in this category, along with more traditional big bore cartridges like the .416 Rigby and the .458 Winchester Magnum. A hunter armed with a good big bore rifle is capable of taking the biggest and toughest animals in the world, like brown bear, cape buffalo or even elephant.
This allows the hunter to safely and ethically hunt large, thick skinned animals in circumstances far beyond the capabilities of smaller cartridges like the .30-06 Springfield or .300 Winchester Magnum. Most hunters won’t need a big bore rifle many times in their life, but when you need one, you really need one.
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