These Are The Best Brands Of Black Powder and Black Powder Substitutes You Should Be Using In Your Muzzleloader

Read on to learn about the advantages and disadvantages of some of the most popular brands of black powder and black powder substitutes.

If you’re just getting started on learning how to hunt with a muzzleloader, the staggering number of propellants choices can be overwhelming. The muzzleloader industry has come a long way and there are many more powder choices out there than there were just a few years ago. Here is a brief overview of some of the best brands of black powder and black powder substitutes currently available on the market today to help you get started in picking the best powder for your muzzleloader before hitting the woods.

Before I get started I want to make two disclaimers.

First, not every muzzleloader can safely shoot every type of black powder substitute out there. So, before using any of these propellants in your muzzleloader, make sure you read the manual to see what type of propellant, in what granulation, and in what volume the manufacturer recommends. Using the correct propellant will both help you stay safe as well as maximize the accuracy and reliability of your muzzleloader.

Second, the links below to are affiliate links. This means I will earn a small commission if you make a purchase.

This commission comes at no extra cost to you. This helps support the blog and allows me to continue to create free content that’s useful to hunters like yourself. Thanks for your support.

True Black Powder

For many hunters, especially the traditionalists, true black powder is really the only thing they’ll consider using in a muzzleloader. Produced by blending sulfur, potassium nitrate, and charcoal, shooters and hunters have successfully used black powder for centuries. Of all the propellants safe to use in muzzleloaders, black powder is also the easiest to ignite, which makes it the most popular propellant used in flintlock and caplock muzzleloaders.

Unfortunately, black powder is dirty, inefficient, and corrosive. Ever wonder why black powder produces so much smoke when ignited? It’s because only approximately 50% of the black powder you load actually burns, the rest gets blown out the muzzle as smoke or left in the barrel as residue. Since so little of the powder actually burns, it does not produce nearly as much energy for a given amount of propellant as smokeless powder or some of the more modern black powder substitutes.

Black powder is also classified as an explosive and can be incredibly dangerous when handled improperly. For this reason, the government imposes strict regulations on the transportation and storage of black powder. This can make it difficult to find commercially because few retailers are willing to deal with the safety requirements associated with stocking it.

Goex and Swiss Black Powder are the two most popular brands of black powder currently available on the market. Both brands have very good reputations in the muzzleloading community. Of the two, Goex is typically easier to find in the United States, but Swiss Black Power is commonly regarded as a slightly better propellant and is also easier to find overseas.

Black powder is produced in several different grades of increasing grain size (coarseness): FFFFg, FFFg FFg, and Fg. Smaller grain size powder is easier to ignite and burns faster. FFFg and FFg are the two most common grades in use today.

Generally speaking, FFFg powder is best suited for muzzleloading rifles and pistols smaller than .45 caliber. FFg powder generally works best in muzzleloading rifles and shotguns .45 caliber and larger. FFFFg is most commonly used to prime flintlocks. Fg powder is typically used in muzzleloaders larger than .62 caliber.


Black Powder Substitutes

Due to the previously described disadvantages of black powder, many hunters prefer to use some sort of black powder substitute instead.

Since black powder substitutes are typically classified as smokeless propellents (instead of explosives), they are not subject to the same stringent rules and regulations regarding their transportation or storage as black powder. For this reason, they are also easier to find commercially than true black powder.

On the plus side, generally speaking, black powder substitutes are also less dirty and slightly more powerful than black powder. Some of the black powder substitutes are also available in pellet form, which really speeds up the loading process. On the other hand, they are more difficult to ignite than black powder.

Hunters using 209 primers should have few ignition problems, but those using musket or #11 caps may experience hangfires or misfires with some of the black powder substitutes out there. One note of caution when dealing with powder substitutes though: virtually every black powder substitute is less dense than black powder (the exact amount varies depending on the brand), which means it is essential that you measure it by volume not by mass when loading your muzzleloader. Otherwise, you could end up loading your muzzleloader with a dangerous amount of propellent.


These Are The Best Brands Of Black Powder and Black Powder Substitutes You Should Be Using In Your Muzzleloader pyrodex

Pyrodex was the first (and most popular) black powder substitute specifically developed for muzzleloader hunters. Just like true black powder, it’s dirty, corrosive, and really smoky. It also roughly simulates the performance true black powder. Like all black powder substitutes, it is much easier to find commercially than true black powder.

On the other hand, Pryodex is more difficult to ignite than black powder. That being said, it is probably the easiest black powder substitute to ignite, so it’s a good choice for hunters who want to use a black powder substitute in a sidelock muzzleloader or certain inline muzzleloaders with a musket or #11 cap.

Pryodex is currently available in three different granulation types: Pyrodex P, Pyrodex RS, and Pyrodex Select.

Pyrodex P is roughly equivilent to FFFg black powder and is designed for use in muzzleloading rifles and pistols smaller than .45 caliber. Pyrodex RS is very close in size to FFg black powder and is best used in rifles and shotguns .45 caliber and larger.

Pyrodex Select is a newer variant of Pryodex designed for more consistent performance. Though it’s a little more coarse, Pyrodex Select is similar in granulation size to Pyrodex RS (so it will work great in most muzzleloading rifles and shotguns .45 caliber and larger). At the same time, it’s also cleaner burning and more accurate than either Pyrodex P or Pyrodex RS.

Pryodex is also available in 50 grain pellets for faster loading.


muzzleloader ignition tips E-Book article

Hodgon’s Triple Se7en

These Are The Best Brands Of Black Powder and Black Powder Substitutes You Should Be Using In Your Muzzleloader triple 7

Also referred to as “Triple Seven” or “777”, Hodgdon’s Triple Se7en is another very popular black powder substitute among muzzleloader hunters today.

A relative newcomer to the party, Triple Se7en is a more consistent, little more powerful, burns a little cleaner, and is slightly less corrosive than both black powder and Pyrodex. For these reasons, it seems to be slowly edging out Pryodex as the most popular black powder substitute currently in use.

It’s available as loose powder in both FFg and FFFg granulations. Just like Pyrodex and true black powder, 777 FFg powder generally works best in muzzleloading rifles .45 caliber and larger while FFFg is ideal for muzzleloaders smaller than .45 caliber and especially for .31, .36, and .44 caliber revolvers.

Triple Seven is also manufactured in 30 grain, 50 grain, and 60 grain pellets for easy loading. Hodgdon also recently started producing a line of 33 grain Fire Star 777 pellets. Just like the name suggests, instead of a cylindrical shape like a typical pellet, this propellent is formed in the shape of a star. Hodgdon claims that these pellets produce higher velocities with less fouling than traditional 777 pellets.

I tested out how they stacked up against several other different types of black powder substitutes in 2018. In short, this is a really good muzzleloader propellant and the overall performance of the 777 FireStar pellets matched up well with Hodgon’s claims. They also produced some of the most consistent velocities out of all the loads I tested.

Like Pyrodex, Triple Se7en is very common commercially and just about any good sized sporting goods store carries it.

Unfortunately, Triple Se7en is also more difficult to ignite than both true black powder and Pyrodex and the pre-formed pellets are even more difficult to ignite than loose Triple Se7en. Hunters using 209 primers should have no issues at all with ignition, but I don’t recommend it for use in sidelock muzzleloaders. That being said, I’ve gotten good results with it in inline muzzleloaders using a musket cap though. Triple Se7en is actually my preferred propellent for my CVA Wolf and CVA Optima Northwest muzzleloaders and it’s worked very well for me during the years I’ve been hunting with them.



Blackhorn 209

These Are The Best Brands Of Black Powder and Black Powder Substitutes You Should Be Using In Your Muzzleloader blackhorn 209

Of all the black powder substitutes on this list, Blackhorn 209 is the newest kid on the block, but it may well be the best one in current production.

Why? Blackhorn 209 produces some of the highest velocities out of all available black powder substitutes. Additionally, it’s very consistent in performance, which really aids accuracy. It’s also non-corrosive and is by far the cleanest burning black powder substitute. In fact, unlike most competitors, Blackhorn 209 burns clean enough that it’s not necessary to swab the bore between shots.

For more details on the performance of Blackhorn 209, read my article: 

Blackhorn 209 vs 777 vs Goex Black Powder: Which One Should You Use In Your Muzzleloader?

Though it’s not quite as commonly available as Pyrodex or Triple Se7en, it’s still pretty common and is much easier to obtain than true black powder.

As you would guess from the name though, Blackhorn 209 is designed for use with 209 primers (specifically Federal 209A and CCI 209M primers). So, I don’t recommend using this powder with musket or #11 caps or you’ll probably have ignition problems. It also tends to work best with certain primers and breech plugs, so check to see if the manufacturer of your muzzleloader makes a specific “Blackhorn” breech plug (CVA does here and here).

All that being said, this is some outstanding powder and is a great choice for those that hunt with inline muzzleloaders.



While this post covers choosing the right muzzleloader propellant, that’s only part of the equation when hunting with a muzzleloader. For more detailed information on choosing the right bullets, scope, and muzzleloader, check out these other articles:

13 Of The Best Muzzleloader Bullets For Hunters

9 Best Muzzleloader Scopes For Hunters

9 Of The Best Muzzleloaders For Hunters

5 Best Traditional Muzzleloaders For Hunters

15 Of The Best Muzzleloader Primers For Igniting Your Powder

Essential Muzzleloader Supplies Every Hunter Needs

101 Best Gifts For Hunters To Put On Your Wish List

11 Best Hunting Ear Protection Options For Hunters

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21 thoughts on “These Are The Best Brands Of Black Powder and Black Powder Substitutes You Should Be Using In Your Muzzleloader”

  1. Most people think about accuracy as they should but in some cases cleanup is more important. Cowboy action shooters do not need a supper accurate bullet (except long range). Fowling, corrosion and cleanup are bigger concerns. I have had rust form on my guns within hours of a shoot when using Pydrodex and Triple 7. When in a match a rifle may have to fire over 100 rounds. Fowling is a major issue. For these reasons American Pioneer Powder and Jim Shockey powder are the choice of many cowboy shooters.

    • Thanks for your comment Alex. You’re absolutely correct about cleaning and corrosion. That’s why I tend to use Blackhorn 209 these days.

  2. Tip O’ the Tin Lid from an old cold war Vet. I need info on a good powder for a Uberti navy conversion, [ Navy , Krist Konverter ] . When reloading, I see a lot of differences in the grain measurements. Would the powder flask and spout I got with the pistol, [20 grain] work with any of these powders loading 38 Short or long colt brass ? Thanks, from OCV.

    • Hi Cliff.
      Are you trying to load your 38 Short and 38 Long Colt using actual black powder? Or smokeless powder? A good rule of thumb is to measure black powder loads using a volumetric device (like the powder flask and spout that came with your Uberti) and smokeless powder by actual weight using a scale.
      Hope this helps.

  3. Hello, I just purchased a new TVM flintlock .50 cal. mountain rifle and am not exactly sure if I should be using black powder only like Goex or a BP substitute like Triple 777 or Blackhorn as a primary load with BP FFFF as my pan igniter? The builder likes real black powder in their rifles but I’m just not sure with all its drawbacks and I am allergic to sulfur. What would you suggest for this rifles powder load?
    Thank you

    • With a flintlock, you are going to get MUCH more reliable ignition with real black powder as both your pan igniter and actual powder charge.


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